The    Eight    Sabbats    of    Wicca

The holidays, or sabbats of witchcraft are based on seasonal indicators, such as animal migrations, astrological alignments and earth changes. The specific times of these festivals may vary from region to region, as the beginning of summer in France was entirely different to the beggining of summer in southern India. Listed below are the desciptions of all eight sabbats.



Many wiccabs enjoy the custom of lighting the Yule log. This is a graphic representation of the rebirth of the God within the sacred fire of the Mother Goddess. If you choose to burn one, select a proper log (traditionally oak or pine). Carve or chalk a figure of the sun or the God upon it, with the Bolleen, and set it alight in the fireplace at dusk at Yule. As the log burns, visualize the Sun shining within it and think of the coming warmer days. Concerning foods; nuts, apples, pears, and pork are traditional fare. Wassil, hibiscus or ginger tea are fine drinks for the Simple Feast or Yule meals.


It is traditional upon Imbolc, at sunset or just after ritual, to light every lamp in the house - only for a few moments. Or, light candles in each room in honour of the Sun's rebirth. If snow lies on the ground outside, walk in it for a moment, recalling the warmth of summer. With your projective hand, trace an image of the Sun in the snow. Foods appropriate to eat on this day include dairy products, sour cream, curries, all dishes made with pepper, onions, leeks, shallots, garlic and chives.


It is important at this time of renewed life to plan a walk, or ride, through gardens, parks, a woodland, forests and other green places. This is not simply exercise, nor should you be on any other mission. This is not even just an appreciation of nature. Make your journey celebratory, a ritual for nature itself. Foods in link with this day include those made with seeds, such as pumpkin, sunflower and sesame seeds, as well as pine nuts. Leafy green vegetables and flower dishes, such as carnation cupcakes are suitable here too.


Weaving and plaiting are traditional arts at this time of year, for the joining together of two substances to form a third is in the spirit of Beltane. Foods traditionally come from the dairy, and dishes such as marigold custard and vanilla ice cream are fine. Oatmeal is also appropriate.


This is practically the classic time to perform all kinds of magics. Healings, love magic, and protections are especially suitable. Herbs can be dried over the ritual fire. Fresh fruits are standard fare for Midsummer.


It is appropriate to plant the seeds from the fruit consumed in ritual. If they sprout, grow the plant with love and as a symbol of your connection with the Goddess and God. Wheat weaving (the making of corn dollies etc) is an appropriate activity for this day. Visits to fields, orchards, lakes and wells are traditional. The foods of Lughnasadh include bread, all berries, acorns, crab apples, all grains and locally ripe produce. A cake is sometimes baked, and cider is used in place of wine.


A traditional practice on Mabon is to walk through the forest and the wild, gathering herbs and seed pods. Foods usually consumed include grains, fruit, and vegetables, especially corn bread and backed squash.


Traditional foods include beets, turnips, apples, corn, nuts, gingerbread, cider, mulled wines and pumpkin. A plate of food is usually placed outside as an offering to the souls of the dead, and a lighted candle placed in the window to light the way to the lands of the eternal summer.